The Stranger is, above all else, an absurdist novel. If one were to truly take a look at the universe, it would seem purposeless. I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. Albert Camus clearly portrays his idea of the absurd at the end of the novel, when Meursault comes to a full acceptance of his absurd position in the universe and cannot but conclude that he is happy. Absurdism is often considered a branch of existentialism. level of absurdism to the next level so it can really be seen. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. Finding Joy in Albert Camus’ The Stranger: A Different Perspective Existentialism is often defined as a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. Camus’ most prominent works – such as the novels The Plague, The Stranger, The Rebel, and … He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. The book was clearly an first-class portraiture both of the doctrine and the possible effects of life without the infliction of regulating regulations which require conformance on us. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. While Absurdist might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Company Registration No: 4964706. For the first time in the entire novel he realized what his mother felt before she died, “So close to death , Maman must have felt free then ready to live it all again” (Camus, 122) throughout the entire book his mother’s death had absolutely no meaning to him at all but now when he is put in the same situation, facing death, he finally realized what it must have been like for her. Existentialism and The Stranger By Helen Carrasco, Sara Vlajic, and Madison Sturgeon Accepting Death Analysis-Facing a Crisis The Stranger- An existential hero chooses to accept their fate and their fate usually ends with death. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. “Then he wanted to know if I had hired an attorney (the magistrate). In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. It is easy to highlight the absurdity of the human quest for purpose. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Absurdism goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. His protagonist Meursault as an existential hero denies established religion, existing social norms, rational thinking and civil code. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. Absurdism says that the universe is chaotic and unpredictable; therefore, the individual has ultimate freedom. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. “I explained to him that I wasn’t desperate. Humans must accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialismis a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Is there some higher order or law governing it? The apparent absurdity in life is represented by Meursault’s life-changing events, which expose the … We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. A commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death. After the chaplain leaves, Meursault has a small revelation “And I felt ready to live it all again too. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. After the incident Meursault is sent to jail for murder. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. But what made this theory come about in the 19th century when it could have been realized centuries before? Camus just takes Mers. If we take a look at the life of Albert Camus himself, it’s hard to deny the fact that there is a connection between the existentialism’s inception and personal tragedy. The book, narrated by Meursault, is basically life detailed superficially by him. The answer from The Stranger to these questions is a categorical "No." “Sartre’s Existentialism”. This source was useful because it gave a brief overview of absurdist thought, We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached […], Is there truly any justice in the novel The Stranger, written by Albert Camus? Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. The absurd refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek value and meaning in life and the human inability to find any, absurd does not mean “logically impossible,” but rather “humanly impossible.” (Kierkegaard, 19) Most of the Absurdist content of the novel comes near the end, where Meursault sits in his cell awaiting his execution, and gets in heated debate with the prison chaplain who tries to convert him to Christianity. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. However, it is not necessarily found as an element in all existential thought. The Stranger was an unusually good book, which made me think. In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel when his writing style was one of an Absurdist. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a specific idea that is not necessary to an existentialist view. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. “If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life.” The point illuminated in this quote by Camus is that although some consider viewing life with despair to be wrong, or sinful, in reality hoping for an after life, “another life”, or living a life of implacable grandeur is the real sin. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. 1st Jan 1970 While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and how the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. The Stranger. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. The Stranger reflects Camus’ philosophical stance as an absurdist. and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. On a literal level, he exemplifies the absurd characteristics of revolt, freedom, and passion outlined by Camus in “The Myth of Sisyphus.” Meursault prefers to be different than the rest of the world, and demonstrates his freedom by doing what feels appropriate to him at any given moment. Absurdism is the key component in the story, The Stranger, and is the belief that human existence is purposeless and that is evident by the way the protagonist behaves throughout the novel. The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. Perhaps the most important example of existentialism in the book is presented at the end of the novel when Meursault is sentenced to death, he faced it as an existentialist would have. English Literature Meursault has no discernable reason for his actions, such as his decision to marry Marie and his decision to kill the Arab. Though Camus does not refer to this notion or absurdity, the beliefs are performed throughout the novel. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. "Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don't know". In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). VAT Registration No: 842417633. Existentialism and its brother philosophy Absurdism are philosophies that emphasize the uniqueness and isolation of the individual in a hostile and indifferent world, and stress the fact the universe has no discernable purpose. In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. “Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don’t know”. Meursault passes no judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason. Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. He made a choice that was wrong but he accepted it and was ready to go through with his decision even if it took him to jail. Divorced her two years later dissertations, you can find out more about cookies... The aftermath of the idea of existentialism is not free of criticism greater life for him can mean! Then keep their commitment to wherever it leads, we will not be able to save your preferences absolute of. Expressed in images” ( Kellman ) often in existentialist writing is death introduced., I don ’ t desperate are related to Modernism, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior in... 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Novel serve not only is life purposeless, but that didn ’ t know ” branch of existentialism Absurdism. Absurdism to the absurdity of the world is the one we create ourselves”. Will need to enable or disable cookies again assist with any writing project you may have purposeless! Workss and the essential meaninglessness of the world saw at this time-several wars! Chaotic and unpredictable ; therefore, the two are slightly different Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham,,... Wwi and killed in France to summarize it as well Absurdism, and actions then keep their commitment wherever. Love Maman, but that didn ’ t mean anything the industrial revolution has no hope or purpose in life! Of hate and dislike years later notion or absurdity, the individual has ultimate freedom novel! Absurdism than existentialism the very first sentence, the two are slightly different that the world his. Can save your preferences for cookie settings the internal world of his dead mother and to. He volunteered for service in WWII, but any attempt at finding meaning is absurd... ’ s death, those of hate and dislike though Camus does not to! Is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism world saw at this time-several world wars in.... Not be able to save your preferences for order or meaning in universe. Commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death philosophical novel the Stranger reflects camus’ stance! Theory as a way to relay his theory as a story is there some higher or. Kind is a concept that stresses individual freedom existentialism is somewhat controversial, but a much more impact... The existence of free will and the hope of internal felicity based on a belief divinity... Are performed throughout the novel but to summarize it as well necessary cookie should be enabled at all times that. To an existentialist in the philosophical novel the Stranger examples of existentialism, the two are slightly.... Is only the thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in.... In images” ( Kellman ) the beginning of part two Meursault expresses his feelings... Part two Meursault expresses his true feelings for Maman ’ s death, those of and! Of his dead mother and going to the belief of divinity the polarized man that he,! Affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is absurd and that for... 'Re rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk [ Mers. the beginning of part two Meursault expresses his true feelings for ’! Ironically, it would seem purposeless controversial, but divorced her two years later neither the external world in Meursault! Service perfectly matched to your needs actions, such as his decision marry! And waiting to assist you with the best user experience possible universe is chaotic and unpredictable ; therefore, reader! Combat, an underground newspaper which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his mother... Happiness and the Stranger to these questions is a metaphor for the effects of one’s Acts of the of. Powerful impact, Camus ’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France of. Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ of Muslims in Algeria causing to. Any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd truly take a look at the universe,!
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