The 10 heavenly stems are Jia, Yi, Bing, Ding, Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren, Gui and the 12 earthly branches are Zi, Chou, Yin, Mao, Chen, Si, Wu, Wei, Shen, You, Xu, Hai. The Earthly Branches, a duodecimal system, mark dual hours (shí, 時; 时 or shíchen (時辰; 时辰)) and climatic terms. All the calendars are printable and are free to download. The Yuan dynasty Shòushí calendar (授時曆; 授时历; 'teaching time calendar') used spherical trigonometry to find the length of the tropical year. Intercalary months (a 13th month) are added to the end of the year. Every lunar year has a representative zodiac. Since North Vietnam used UTC+07:00 to calculate their Vietnamese calendar and South Vietnam used UTC+08:00 (Beijing time) to calculate theirs, North Vietnam began the Tết holiday at 29 January at 23:29 and South Vietnam began it on 30 January at 00:15. Use the form below to enter the date to get converted. In ancient China, years were numbered from a new emperor's assumption of the throne or an existing emperor's announcement of a new era name. China October 2020 – Calendar with holidays. If there are 12 months, there will be 354 or 355 days in a year; if 13 months, there will be 383 or 384 days. During the late Ming dynasty, Xu Guangqi and his colleagues worked out a new calendar based on Western astronomical arithmetic; however, the new calendar was not released before the end of the dynasty. Since the beginning of the month is determined by the new moon occurs, other countries using this calendar use their own time standards to calculate it; this results in deviations. It is also a public holiday in Thailand's Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Satun provinces and is an official public school holiday in New York City. It also gives the traditional Chinese nomenclature of dates within a year, which people use for selecting auspicious days for weddings, funerals, moving, or starting a business. This variation in time between major solar terms results in different solar year lengths. To change location or date, use the settings options below. This page contains a national calendar of all 2020 public holidays. The most popular is the Gregorian calendar (公曆; 公历; gōnglì; 'common calendar'). The Heavenly Stems is a decimal system. We provide national calendar of 2021 public holidays. October 18, 2020 chinese almanac calendar, choose auspicious dates, time and lucky directions etc. The intercalary month, known as the second Jiǔyuè (後九月; 后九月; 'later Jiǔyuè'), was placed at the end of the year. It is also celebrated in Vietnam where it is known as Tết Trùng Cửu(節重九)and in Korea where it is known as 중양절 (jungyangjeol). Free yearly and monthly calendars with holidays are available in over 130 countries. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 14:12. On the seventh or eighth day of each month, the first-quarter moon is visible in the afternoon and early evening. Traditionally it was the most important holiday of the year. The days of the month are always written with two characters and numbered beginning with 1. [This quote needs a citation]. Although China has adopted the Gregorian calendar for official and business occasions, the traditional Chinese calendar is widely used to define 24 solar terms, traditional holidays and helps to choose a lucky day before important activities such as wedding, moving into a new house. The first solar term of the period was known as a pre-climate, and the second was a mid-climate. The seven-day week was adopted from the Hellenistic system by the 4th century CE, although its source is unclear. Months were named for the mid-climate to which they were closest, and a month without a mid-climate was an intercalary month. For an explanation of how the Chinese calendar works please visit our Chinese Calendar section. Here is a Chinese calendar converter to convert Chinese date to their corresponding English date and vice-versa. To fix this, traditional Chinese years have a 13-month year approximately once every three years. Tiere 2020 & 2021. In Vietnam, it is celebrated as Tết Hạ Nguyên(節下元). 2021 Calendar. Each term is a 15° portion of the ecliptic. January February March April May June … The 10 Heavenly Stems and 12 Earthly Branches were used to mark days. The stem-branches system solved the era system's problem of unequal reign lengths. Das Datum des chinesischen Neujahrsfestes richtet sich nach dem chinesischen Kalender (Mondkalender). Philippe Couplet's 1686 Chronological table of Chinese monarchs (Tabula chronologica monarchiae sinicae) gave the same date for the Yellow Emperor. Just as the Gregorian calendar has a leap year in order to compensate for the fact that the earth does not travel around the sun in exactly 365 days, the Chinese calendar is adjusted so as to ensure that it bears a proper relationship with the apparent movement of the sun between the northern and southern tropics. The Three Fu (三伏; sānfú) are three periods of hot weather, counted from the first gēng day after the summer solstice. Moon Astro Chart, Astrology, Lunar chart - Seek and meet people born on the same date as you. Harrassowitz Verlag: 57–69. The Chinese zodiac, or shengxiao (/shnng-sshyao/ ‘born resembling'), is a repeating cycle of 12 years, with each year being represented by an animal and its reputed attributes.. As early as the Bronze-Age Xia dynasty, days were grouped into nine- or ten-day weeks known as xún (旬). Due to the inconsistencies in the length of the solar year, different versions of the traditional calendar might have different average solar year lengths. I would like to see Chinese Lunar Calendar 2021, would you mind to update it? Some calendars followed the last calendar of the Qing dynasty, published in 1908. 2021 Chinese Zodiac Prediction. The first solar term of the period was known as a pre-climate, and the second was a mid-climate. See more Customs Concerning the 24 Solar Terms. Many years have intercalary months. The era system was abolished in 1912, after which the current or Republican era was used. If there is a leap month after the eleventh or twelfth month, then Chinese New Year falls on the third new moon after the December solstice. Weeks were ten days long, with one month consisting of three weeks. January February March April May June July August September October November December. 26 November 2020: Chinese Public Holidays For 2021 Announced source: Public Holiday News Office Holidays provides calendars with dates and information on public holidays and bank holidays in key countries around the world. Days begin and end at midnight, and months begin on the day of the new moon. Festivals as per Chinese lunar calendar in December, 2020. In our Online calendar section, Monthly Calendar and Yearly Calendar can be generated with some very useful options. The province of Jiangsu counted 1905 as the year 4396 (using a year 0 of 2491 BC), and the newspaper Ming Pao (明報; 明报) reckoned 1905 as 4603 (using a year 0 of 2698 BC). According to Chinese calendar, 2020 is Geng Zi Year. In Korea, they were known as sun (순,旬). The lunar calendar has a very long history going back to the Xia (21st century BC - 16th century BC) and Shang Dynasty (16th century BC - 11th century BC). According to Chinese calendar, 2020 is Geng Zi Year. Grouping days into sets of ten is still used today in referring to specific natural events. Before the Zhou dynasty, solar calendars were used. The date of the Chinese New Year accords with the patterns of the solar calendar and hence is variable from year to year. 2020 Chinese Calendar. During the Han dynasty, officials were legally required to rest every five days (twice a xún, or 5–6 times a month). January February March April May June July August September October November December. A year was 365.25 days, and a month was 29.5 days. The Kitchen God Festival is celebrated on the twenty-third day of the twelfth month in northern regions of China or on the twenty-fourth day of the twelfth month in southern regions of China. The even solar terms (marked with "Z") are considered the major terms, while the odd solar terms (marked with "J") are deemed minor. The first 10 days were the early xún (上旬), the middle 10 the mid xún (中旬), and the last nine (or 10) days were the late xún (下旬). The traditional Chinese calendar (officially known as the Agricultural Calendar [農曆; 农历; Nónglì; 'farming calendar'], Former Calendar [舊曆; 旧历; Jiùlì], Traditional Calendar [老曆; 老历; Lǎolì] or Yin Calendar [陰曆; 阴历; Yīnlì; 'yin calendar']), is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena. In his Sinicae historiae decas prima (published in Munich in 1658), Martino Martini (1614–1661) dated the ascension of the Yellow Emperor to 2697 BC and began the Chinese calendar with the reign of Fuxi (which, according to Martini, began in 2952 BC. Though the numbered month names are often used for the corresponding month number in the Gregorian calendar, it is important to realize that the numbered month names are not interchangeable with the Gregorian months when talking about lunar dates. on the day to guide you spend the day luckily. In Vietnam it is known as Tết Thượng Nguyên(上元節)and in Korea it is known as 대보름(大보름)Daeboreum (or the Great Full Month). Chinese New Year's Eve is also known as the Chuxi Festival and is celebrated on the evening of the last day of the lunar calendar. All other months are named for their number in the month order. The date of the Chinese New Year 2020 is January 25, 2020. Since then, month lengths have primarily been determined by observation and prediction. The lunar calendar has links with the four seasons, some traditional Chinese festivals, solar terms (a calendar of twenty-four periods and climate to govern agricultural arrangements in China), 'Five Elements' (metal, wood, water, fire and earth) as well as the Chinese Zodiac. The Dragon Boat Festival or the Duanwu Festival is on the fifth day of the fifth month and is an official holiday in China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. 2020 Chinese Calendar: Chinese National Holidays, Chinese Festival, Public Holidays, Compensating Workdays and Workday Compensation in China for Business and Travel Plan ☰ Home Zodiac Love Chart Palm Mole. Western mansions are 奎, 娄, 胃, 昴, 毕, 参, 觜. Every month is also associated with one of the twelve Earthly Branches. Gregorian calendar is calculated by the movement of sun; when the earth goes around the sun for one circle, it is one year. The name of these breaks became huan (澣; 浣, "wash"). The lunisolar year begins with the first spring month, Zhēngyuè (正月; 'capital month'), and ends with the last winter month, Làyuè (臘月; 腊月; 'sacrificial month'). [17], It has been found that Chinese New Year moves back by either 10, 11, or 12 days in some years. However, there are two general rules that govern the date. Chinese Baby Gender Predictor. 2021 Chinese New Year Ox. The next intercalary month (in 2020, after month four) will be called Rùn Sìyuè (閏四月) and written 4i or 4+. When the full moon appears, it is the middle of the month. Yearly Chinese horoscope 2020 for the Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig. The stem-branches is a sexagesimal system. [14] The Shujiu cold days (數九; shǔjǐu; 'counting to nine') are the 81 days after the winter solstice (divided into nine sets of nine days), and are considered the coldest days of the year. The Dog is connected to the mountain. The Shíxiàn calendar changed the mid-climate-term rule to "decides the month in sequence, except the intercalary month. Years with 12 months are called common years, and 13-month years are known as long years. The last fu (末伏; mòfú) is 10 days from the first gēng day after the beginning of autumn. This phenomenon can occur every two or three years. In the early Qing dynasty, Johann Adam Schall von Bell submitted the calendar to the Shunzhi Emperor. Day 30 (as applicable) is written as the numeral Sānshí (三十). Days 11 to 20 are written as regular Chinese numerals; Shíwǔ (十五) is the 15th day of the month, and Èrshí (二十) the 20th. The first month without a mid-climate is the leap, or intercalary, month. The 60 stem-branches have been used to mark the date since the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC). Astronomical data is used, rather than mathematical calculations. Am chinesischen Neujahrsfest, auch “Frühlingsfest” genannt, wird der erste Tag des neuen Jahres im chinesischen Kalender gefeiert. The Qiang and Dai calendars are modern versions of the Zhuanxu calendar, used by mountain peoples. Gregorian dates are approximate and should be used with caution. In this calendar, the solar terms are 15° each along the ecliptic and it can be used as a solar calendar. Tuesday Jan 05, 2021 Geng Zi Year, Ji Chou Month, Gui Chou Day Publications began using the estimated birth date of the Yellow Emperor as the first year of the Han calendar in 1903, with newspapers and magazines proposing different dates. Each phase consisted of two three-week months, making each year ten months long. [18] Over this period, the year began with the winter solstice. "[This quote needs a citation] The present traditional calendar follows the Shíxiàn calendar, except: To optimize the Chinese calendar, astronomers have proposed a number of changes. The movements of the sun, moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn (known as the seven luminaries) are the references for calendar calculations. To see the official public holidays please use the calendar widget above. The additional .00766 day from the Tàichū calendar leads to a one-day shift every 130.5 years. Days one to 10 are written with the day's numeral, preceded by the character Chū (初); Chūyī (初一) is the first day of the month, and Chūshí (初十) the 10th. The five elements of the Wu Xing are assigned to each of the stems, branches and stem-branches. Date Calculator – Add or subtract days, months, years; Countdown to New Year; You Might Also Like. [citation needed][1]. The structure of xún led to public holidays every five or ten days. In recent years some festivals have been moved to a Monday or Friday to give a three day weekend. Each mansion is named with a character describing the shape of its principal asterism. The distance between Mercury and the sun is less than 30° (the sun's height at, Venus appears at dawn and dusk, and is known as the "bright star" (, Mars looks like fire and occurs irregularly, and is known as the "fire star" (, The period of Jupiter's revolution is 11.86 years, so Jupiter is called the "age star" (, The period of Saturn's revolution is about 28 years. This calendar set the beginning of the year at the day of the new moon before the winter solstice. [12] Several era-dependent systems had been in use; systems using multiples of twelve and ten were popular, since they could be easily counted and aligned with the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches. The length of a month is also annotated as either long (大, literally "big" for months with 30 days) or short (小, literally "small" for months with 29 days). The moon moves through about one lunar mansion per day, so the 28 mansions were also used to count days. Every lunar year has a name combined by 1 heavenly stem and 1 earthly branch. [citation needed] Modern Chinese chronology has generally accepted Martini's dates, except that it usually places the reign of the Yellow Emperor at 2698 BC and omits his predecessors Fuxi and Shennong as "too legendary to include". In China it is defined by the Chinese national standard GB/T 33661–2017, "Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar", issued by the Standardisation Administration of China on May 12, 2017. For example, one solar year of the 1st century BC Tàichū calendar is ​365 385⁄1539 (365.25016) days. There are also many other traditional Chinese festivals and holidays. The traditional Chinese calendar was developed between 771 and 476 BC, during the Spring and Autumn period of the Eastern Zhou dynasty. The change was adopted by many overseas Chinese communities, such as San Francisco's Chinatown. And it has a 12-year cycle with the order as Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, Pig. October 5, 2020 Lunar calendar, Moon Phase-Moon Phase: Waning Gibbous - Monday, October 5th, 2020. The first day of each month is the new moon. And within this cycle, certain days will equate with the lunar day. Since 4332 is 12 × 361, Jupiter's orbital period was divided into 12 years (歲; 岁; suì) of 361 days each. After every 16th month, a half-month was intercalated. Saturn, known as the "guard star" (. Dieser unterscheidet sich vom weltweit gebräuchlichen Gregorianischen Kalender.Die Feierlichkeiten können bis zu 15 Tage andauern. 24 solar terms show people’s understanding of four seasons, climate and the agriculture. The 12 characters progress from the first day with the same branch as the month (first Yín day (寅日) of Zhēngyuè; first Mǎo day (卯日) of Èryuè), and count the days of the month. You can add 2020 - 2021 holidays of any country and the week number to your calendar while generating it. 天聖元年....二月....丁巳, 奉安太祖、太宗御容于南京鴻慶宮. It is the enlightenment day of Sakyamuni Buddha and is celebrated in Korea as 성도재일 (seongdojaeil) and in Vietnam is known as Lễ Vía Phật Thích Ca Thành Đạo. Korea, Vietnam, and the Ryukyu Islands adopted the calendar, and it evolved into Korean, Vietnamese, and Ryukyuan calendars. continues to announce the month and date in both the Gregorian and the traditional lunisolar calendar. Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa; 26初二/2: 27初三/3: 28初四/4: 29初五/5: 30初六/6: 31 ... January February March April May June July August September October November December. Ho, Kai-Lung (何啟龍) (2006). The Three Enclosures are Purple Forbidden, (紫微), Supreme Palace (太微), and Heavenly Market. Another version is a four-quarters calendar (四時八節曆; 四时八节历; 'four sections, eight seasons calendar', or 四分曆; 四分历). There is no specified length of any particular Chinese month, so the first month could have 29 days (short month, 小月) in some years and 30 days (long month, 大月) in other years. Chinese Calendar of October 2021 showing you Auspicious things to do and things should be avoided in each day, holidays and corresponding lunar dates. Months are defined by the time between new moons, which averages approximately ​29 17⁄32 days. Its accuracy is much higher than other free gender prediction tools online but it couldn’t be higher than that of the ultrasound scanning. It is an official holiday in China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Vietnam, Korea, the Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. In the 15th or 16th day of each month, the full moon is visible all night. Friday Jan 08, 2021. At birth, a child is considered the first year of lifetime using ordinal numeral (instead of "zero" using cardinal numeral); after each Chinese New Year, one year is added to their traditional age. It is also called the Lunar calendar, Yin calendar, Xia calendar or the old Chinese calendar. The mid-fu (中伏; zhōngfú) is 10 or 20 days long. There are several traditional and religious holidays shared by communities throughout the world that use the Chinese (Lunar) calendar: Lunar New Year (known as the Spring Festival in China) is on the first day of the first month and was traditionally called the Yuan Dan (元旦) or Zheng Ri (正日).
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