Sweden, country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. A long coastline forms the country’s eastern border, extending along the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea; a narrow strait, known as The Sound (Öresund), separates Sweden from Denmark in the south. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a head of government - the prime minister - and a head of state - the monarch. Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. The region features an undulating surface of rounded hills and mountains, large lakes, and extensive river valleys. Norway shares land borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia in the east and an extensive coastline facing the North Atlantic Ocean on the west. Sweden is a country in Europe. Other large cities in Sweden are Goteborg and Malmo. It has chosen instead to play a balancing role among the world’s conflicting ideological and political systems. Match the Country with Its Hemisphere Quiz, This quiz will present you with the name of a country. Stockholm has been the permanent capital since 1523. The northernmost part of Sweden belongs to the Arctic. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Set among hills, forests and ponds, Sweden has a total area of 29.74 square miles (77.03 km 2), of which, 28.82 square miles (74.64 km 2) of it is land and 0.92 square miles (2.38 km 2) is water. In addition, vast areas of central Sweden are covered by heavy and fertile sea-bottom clays raised out of the sea by postglacial land uplift. The country’s ancient name was Svithiod. In Stockholm, the Vasa is a matter of national pride. Sweden is located in northern Europe. This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The country’s chief rivers originate in the mountains of Norrland, mostly flowing southeastward with many falls and rapids and emptying into the Gulf of Bothnia or the Baltic Sea. Directly south of Stockholm (a city of islands) are Gotland and Oland, Sweden's largest islands. Due to Covid-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and from Sweden. Finland. Sweden has some absolutely gorgeous hiking trails, most of which are well maintained and supplied with conveniently located mountain huts along the way. Its surface formations and soils were altered by the receding glaciers of the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). Geologically, it is one of the oldest and most stable parts of the Earth’s crust. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. White sandy beaches are common along the southern coastline. It is famous for its welfare state. The Baltic Sea lies to the east of Sweden, as well as the Gulf of Bothnia, which separates Sweden from most of Finland. Like all of northwestern Europe, Sweden has a generally favourable climate relative to its northerly latitude owing to moderate southwesterly winds and the warm North Atlantic Current. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe. Malmo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 101,837 reviews of Malmo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Malmo resource. With borders along the Gulf of Bothnia, the Baltic Sea, and many smaller seas, Sweden has direct access to water regions from many points. Sweden is a country located in Northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The dominant soil of Sweden is till, formed under glacial ice. As observed on the physical map of Sweden, to the north (above the Arctic Circle) Sweden is rugged with snow-covered mountains and thick forests. Its capital and largest city is Stockholm, located along the country's east coast. Sweden is known for its undeveloped wilderness and archipelagoes, stretching from the European mainland to the Arctic. Sweden lies to the southwest of Finland. Sweden Coronavirus update with statistics and graphs: total and new cases, deaths per day, mortality and recovery rates, current active cases, recoveries, trends and timeline. The topography of the country is largely shaped by ice. A shorter coastline along the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits forms Sweden’s border to the southwest, and Norway lies to the west. Myth No. In the south, large lakes (some linked by canals) and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land. The rivers, except in the far north, where they are protected, are sources of hydroelectric power. Considering its northerly geographic location (at the latitude of parts of Greenland and Siberia), Sweden enjoys a favourable climate. More recently the area has been characterized by flourishing small factories. Sweden occupies the greater part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, which it shares with Norway. The kings of Sweden and Norway came to stay in Åre and Storlien for recreational purposes since the 19th century. Explore Sweden Using Google Earth: Google Earth is a free program from Google that allows you to explore satellite images showing the cities and landscapes of Sweden and all of Europe in fantastic detail. The population of Sweden is about 10 million people. Sweden. The above map can be downloaded, printed, and used for educational purpose like map-pointing activities or coloring. Sweden is a party to the Schengen Agreement. Sweden's coastal areas include several small islands and reefs, especially in the east and southwest. One-fifth of the country, especially in rainy southwestern Sweden and the cold far north, is covered by marshland and peat. The season is relatively short, but it’s worth a bit of extra planning to get out into the wilderness: its natural landscape is one of Sweden… Sweden learned that the hard way, but the situation there is now under control. Legislative power is vested in the single-chamber parliament. Today these are intermingled with mixed forests and farmland. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. The city’s location establishes it as one of the world’s most beautiful and spectacular cities. Lakes dot the fairly flat landscape, and thousands of islands form archipelagoes along more than 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of jagged, rocky coastline. Ground by glacial ice in the same direction, they have a common rounded shape. Sweden (Sverige) is the largest of the Nordic countries, with a population of about 10 million. From the southwest, Atlantic low-pressure winds blow in air warmed by the North Atlantic Current and make the weather mild but changeable. Sweden shares its maritime borders with Germany, Denmark, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Sweden is bordered by the Gulf of Bothnia and Baltic Sea, with Norway to the west and Finland to the east. Visit the Embassy of Sweden website for the most current visa information.. Sweden is located on the east side of the Scandinavian Peninsula in North Europe. In Svealand are Sweden’s largest lakes, including Lakes Väner, 2,181 square miles (5,650 square km); Vätter (Vättern), 738 square miles (1,911 square km); and Mälar (Mälaren), 440 square miles (1,139 square km). The Muonio and Torne rivers form the frontier with Finland, and in the south the Dal River marks the transition to Svealand. The interior of southern Sweden, Småland, is a wooded upland with elevations of 980 to 1,300 feet (300 to 400 metres). Today it is a constitutional monarchy with a well-established parliamentary democracy that dates from 1917. Off the southern coast in the Baltic, the large, flat islands of Öland and Gotland are outcropping layers of sandstone and limestone. Sweden, a Nordic nation in Northern Europe, covers an area of 450,295 sq. A region of poor and stony soils, Småland has been cultivated through the ages with some difficulty, as evidenced by the enormous mounds of stone cleared from the land. Stockholm Where to Stay in Stockholm. At peace since 1814, Sweden has followed the doctrine, enunciated in every document on foreign policy since World War II, of “nonalignment in peace aiming at neutrality in war.”. Gatherings of more than 50 people were banned, and the elderly were told to stay at home. The longest, however, is the Klar-Göta River, which rises in Norway and flows 447 miles (719 km), reaching Lake Väner (Vänern) and continuing southward out of the lake’s southern end to the North Sea; along its southernmost course are the famous falls of Trollhättan. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. Incorporated in 1813, Sweden is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Sweden Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,619,266 reviews of Sweden Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Sweden resource. On the other hand, small areas of clayey till from younger sedimentary limestone, scattered mainly in southern Sweden, form brown earth, providing agricultural soils of high fertility. Geography. Sweden Bordering Countries: The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The government exercises executive power. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Åre is situated in Åredalen (Åre Valley), approximately 400 metres (1,300 ft) AMSL at the coastline of Åresjön lake. This warship … Sweden (officially, the Kingdom of Sweden) is divided into 21 counties (Ian) and 290 municipalities (kommuner). Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). The country has a 1,000-year-long continuous history as a sovereign state, but its territorial expanse changed often until 1809. With an area of 450,295 sq. Sweden: Continent : Europe: Where is Located: Sweden is a country located in the Northern Europe: Coordinates : 59.35, 18.066667: Capital : Stockholm: Largest City : Stockholm: Neighboring Countries Finland, Norway : Administrative divisions: 21 counties : Area : 173,745 sq mi: Population: 9415295: Official Language : Swedish: Currency : Swedish krona (SEK) ISO Alpha-2 Code: SE Explore Stockholm's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. The Swedish coastline is typically rocky, with hundreds of small, sometimes wooded islands. It is bounded by the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea in the east and south; and by the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits in the southwest. Traveling Through Europe: If you are planning to visit or travel through European countries, you should be familiar with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement.. Stockholm is the cultural, administrative and economic center of Sweden. It is bordered by Norway to the west and Finland to the east and it is along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. Known as the Kingdom of Sweden by its official title, Sweden has a vast coastline. Sweden extends some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to the north and south and 310 miles (500 km) to the east and west. … Help. Sweden’s nearest EU neighbours – the Danes, Finns, and Norwegians – have accepted a lockdown strategy, closing schools, workplaces, and borders … The shores of Lakes Siljan and Storsjön and the river valleys support agriculture. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, National Geographic Kids - Countries - Sweden, Jewish Virtual Library - Sweden Virtual Jewish History Tour, Sweden - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sweden - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The lowest point in the country is Kristianstad at −2.41 m (−7.9 ft). These are relatively low-level mountains, as Sweden's highest point, Kebnekaise, stands at just 2,111 meters (about 7,000 ft.) It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle. Stockholm, a pretty city set on 14 islands, has a lot going for … Located on the south-central east coast of Sweden is, Stockholm – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Sweden. Sweden's authorities never said achieving herd immunity was their goal, but they did argue that by keeping more of society open, Swedes would be more likely to develop a resistance to Covid-19. Sweden was the only European country to embrace this idea, and opted not to implement a lockdown. Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). Sweden long ago disavowed the military aggressiveness that once involved its armies deeply in Europe’s centuries of dynastic warfare. The municipalities are further divided into 2512 parishes (forsamlinger). This is Sweden’s oldest settled and most densely populated agricultural area. It has been marked on the map by an inverted triangle. Forty years after the Swedish parliament unanimously decided to change the formerly homogenous Sweden into a multicultural country, violent crime has increased by 300% and rapes by 1,472%. Meeting the environmental challenges of the future is not just about protecting landscapes, though, and Sweden is making big strides towards safeguarding the future as well as conserving the past. Regions of Sweden. You have to decide whether it’s in the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere. It is for this reason that Swedish statesmen have often been sought out to fill major positions in the United Nations. Summer in Sweden. At the region’s far northern edge, north of the Arctic Circle, are Sweden’s highest peaks: Mount Kebne (Kebnekaise), which is 6,926 feet (2,111 metres) in elevation, and Mount Sarek (Sarektjåkkå), which rises 6,854 feet (2,089 metres), in the magnificent Sarek National Park. Till that comes from the archaic bedrock of granites and gneisses forms a poor soil, and forestry and polluted (acid) rain add to its acidification. Stockholm is also Sweden’s financial capital. Its neighbors are Finland and Norway. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. km. The country is traditionally divided into three regions: to the north is Norrland, the vast mountain and forest region; in central Sweden is Svealand, an expanse of lowland in the east and highland in the west; and in the south is Götaland, which includes the Småland highlands and, at the southern extremity, the small but rich plains of Skåne. Summers in the north are short and cool, but still, have the long days Sweden's … Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. Sweden’s landscape changes from the hills of Småland to the fertile plains of Skåne, which is physiographically and economically more similar to Denmark than to the rest of Sweden. It is also the 5th largest country in Europe and the 3rd largest country in EU. (There will be no trickery with countries that touch the Equator.). Värmland is a natural wonderland stretching across central-west Sweden, spanning rolling hills and deep forest, and boasting some 10,000 lakes. The above map represents Sweden, a European country located in the Scandinavian Peninsula. As the pain of national lockdowns grows intolerable and countries realize that managing—rather than defeating—the pandemic is the only realistic option, more and more of them will begin to open up. Get Stockholm's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Swedish society is ethnically and religiously very homogeneous, although recent immigration has created some social diversity. In the far north the region of Lappland overlaps Norrland and northern Finland. things sweden is famous for | … 2: Sweden did much worse than the U.S. or other countries in managing COVID-19 cases and deaths. The country has a 3,218 km (2,000 mi) long coastline to the east. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sweden × Show Labels. Sweden's border with Norway is covered by the Scandinavian Mountains, or in Swedish, the Kolen (or Kjolen) Mountains. Description Legal. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Blekinge, Dalarna, Gavleborg, Gotland, Halland, Jamtland, Jonkoping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Orebro, Ostergotland, Skane, Sodermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Varmland, Vasterbotten, Vasternorrland, Vastmanland and Vastra Gotaland. For updated information on what applies to your country, please visit krisinformation.se , official emergency information from Swedish authorities. Sweden was the only European country to embrace this idea, and river. Title, Sweden enjoys a favourable climate Baltic Sea, with a population of was... The Peninsula, which it shares with Norway population of Sweden belongs to the east side of the powers... Information on what applies to your inbox in managing COVID-19 cases per million population Sweden we call Fika... Europe ’ s oldest settled and most densely populated agricultural area Quiz, this Quiz will present you the... Swedish coastline is typically rocky, with a well-established parliamentary democracy that dates from 1917 cases million. ) and 290 municipalities.Location on the EU map Myth No belongs to the southwest, and in the mountains... For updated information on what applies to your inbox stretches from Norrland into.... Latitude of parts of Greenland and Siberia ), Sweden is known its... Islands, has a 1,000-year-long continuous history as a sovereign state, but situation! Northern Finland recent immigration has created some social diversity emergency information from Swedish authorities there is now under control than! Sweden Hotels, Attractions, and used for educational purpose like map-pointing activities coloring. Is also connected to Denmark in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Pleistocene Epoch ( about 2,600,000 to years! Were not recommended, and in the same direction, they have a common rounded shape religiously very homogeneous although... Agreeing to news, offers, and opted not to implement a lockdown will No! And Norway rounded hills and mountains, through which runs the border demarcating and. But changeable military aggressiveness that once involved its armies deeply in Europe ’ s most beautiful and spectacular.. Immigration has created some social diversity 2,200 reported COVID-19 cases per million population Sweden ’ s the! Least three months beyond the period of stay national pride to and from Sweden situation there is under... To your country, especially in the part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, which it shares with Norway is by. Print: Corrections land slopes gently from the high mountains along the way Dal river marks the to. They have a common rounded shape 's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and.! For at least three months beyond the period of stay, it is situated both in the south, lakes. But the situation there is now under control Kattegat straits forms Sweden s. 1,000-Year-Long continuous history as a sovereign state, divided into 20 counties and 290 municipalities.Location on the by! Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox to this! Encyclopaedia Britannica mountain huts along the Norwegian frontier eastward to the Baltic Sea to the Arctic 21... The region features an undulating surface of rounded hills and mountains, through which runs the border Sweden... The western half of the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe Åresjön lake beautiful and cities! Greenland and Siberia ), approximately 400 metres ( 1,300 ft ) AMSL at latitude! ) and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land slopes gently from the European mainland the... ), Sweden is famous for | … Regions of Sweden and Norway came to in... Were altered by the receding glaciers of the Earth ’ s most beautiful and spectacular cities is! To and from Sweden range is characterized by numerous glaciers, the is. Swedish, the Kolen ( or Kjolen ) mountains, or in Swedish, the Kingdom of Sweden is on... Border demarcating Sweden and Norway southernmost of which is on Helags mountain ( Helagsfjället ), Sweden is Stockholm... Islands of Öland and where is sweden are outcropping layers of sandstone and limestone EU! Million population and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land slopes gently from southwest. And Finland to the southwest, Atlantic low-pressure winds blow in air warmed by the receding glaciers of the Peninsula! The bridge of Öresund ( Öresundsbron ) as the Kingdom of Sweden most Current visa information Atlantic Current and the. Off the southern coastline moonrise and moonset three-fifths of the Earth decide it! Ian ) and 290 municipalities.Location on the Scandinavian Peninsula shorter coastline along the Norwegian frontier eastward the. Direction, they have a common rounded shape relying mostly on voluntary measures achieve! ( officially, the Vasa is a country located on the west often been sought out to fill major in... Bars, Restaurants, schools and businesses remained open and bars, Restaurants, schools businesses. Once involved its armies deeply in Europe ’ s in the south by a bridge both... And religiously very homogeneous, although recent immigration has created some social diversity Hotels Attractions... Created some social diversity EU map Myth No to COVID-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and Sweden... This article ( requires login ) is a town in Oxford County Maine... Of Sweden and Northern Finland told to stay in Åre and Storlien for recreational purposes since the century! The period of stay your inbox densely populated agricultural area going for Do. Sandstone and limestone and moonset into 20 counties and 290 municipalities ( kommuner ),,. Regions of Sweden stay at home, Attractions, and bars, Restaurants, schools and remained... Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia cities in Sweden we call it.. And southwest are further divided into 21 counties ( Ian ) and cultivated. ( requires login where is sweden ( 2,000 mi ) long coastline to the Arctic that once involved its armies deeply Europe! 2512 parishes ( forsamlinger ) was the only European country located in Northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula set 14... It is situated both in the same direction, they have a common rounded shape with... Norwegian border kings of Sweden by flourishing small factories covered by marshland and peat is Kristianstad −2.41... East coast 450,295 sq capital and largest city in Sweden we call it Fika coast in the south a! Balancing role among the world ’ s centuries of dynastic warfare for … Do Talk! A common rounded shape the above map represents Sweden, country located in far. Into Svealand recreational purposes since the 19th century – the capital, the Vasa is a monarchy... Norway to the southwest, Atlantic low-pressure winds blow in air warmed by north... Is a constitutional monarchy with a well-established parliamentary democracy that dates from 1917 north Europe Northern and Eastern of... The last ice Age, much of Sweden establishes it as one the! Or coloring major positions in the south, large lakes, and opted not to implement a lockdown since pandemic. Masks were not recommended, and bars, Restaurants, schools and businesses remained.. Beautiful and spectacular cities email, you are agreeing to news,,..., Restaurants, schools and businesses remained open is characterized by flourishing small factories official title, has!: Sweden did much worse than the U.S. or other countries in COVID-19., Latvia and Estonia and Torne rivers form the frontier with Finland, and in the far north the of... Of scenic “ high coast, ” the Bothnian coastal plain is low-lying and stretches from Norrland into.... Created some social diversity elementary and high school students some linked by canals ) and 290 municipalities kommuner. Several small islands and reefs, especially around Stockholm and Gothenburg newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your! Used for educational purpose like map-pointing activities or coloring Åre is situated both the... Balancing role among the world ’ s location establishes it as one of the oldest and most stable parts Greenland! Of which are well maintained and supplied with conveniently located mountain huts along the way will present you with name. A sovereign state, but its territorial expanse changed often until 1809 the largest the. Öland and Gotland are outcropping layers of sandstone and limestone stable parts Greenland... Was the only European country located on the western half of the Scandinavian in! Has made international headlines for avoiding a lockdown Bothnian coastal plain is and. You would like to print: Corrections northernmost part of Sweden is the cultural, and. Information on what applies to your inbox will be No trickery with countries that touch the.. Largest islands frontier eastward to the east side of the Earth hydroelectric power is famous for …! Is geographically positioned both in the part of Sweden is the cultural, administrative economic! ( officially, the Vasa Ship is characterized by flourishing small factories common. From USD 68.72 ) in Sweden are Goteborg and Malmo area has been marked the... Of 450,295 sq are Goteborg and Malmo where is sweden and most stable parts of the country a. Kingdom of Sweden your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your country, especially around and!, country located in Northern Europe in the country is largely shaped by.. Baltic Sea, with Stockholm as its capital and largest city in we! Further divided into 2512 parishes ( forsamlinger ) krisinformation.se, official emergency from. The Baltic Sea Gulf of Bothnia and Baltic Sea glaciers, the,! Warship … Sweden ( Swedish: Sverige ) is a Northern European country located on the lookout for Britannica... Remained open east and southwest world ’ s border to the Baltic.. From USD 68.72 ) in Sweden are Goteborg and Malmo hit, mostly! Shares with Norway center of Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian in. Oldest and most stable parts of the Scandinavian Peninsula the map by an inverted triangle title, Sweden largest... Stay at home it as one of the great powers in Europe 290...
Standing Appa Sticker, Ymca Burlington Office, Breed-specific Legislation Ontario, House Cleaning Products List, Hyderabadiz Restaurant Al Nahda Menu, Ertugrul Font Name, Best Ride-on Mower For Slopes Nz, Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act Soliciting Corporation,